FSM Excerpts & Extras

WE, THE PEOPLE OF MICRONESIA, exercising our inherent sovereignty, do hereby establish this Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia.

With this Constitution we affirm our common wish to live together in peace and harmony, to preserve the heritage' of the past, and to protect the promise of the' future.

To make one nation of many islands, we respect the diversity of our cultures. Our differences enrich us. The seas bring us together' they do no? separate us. Our islands sustain us, our is/and nation enlarge us and make us stronger.

Our ancestors, who made their homes on these islands, displaced no other people We, who remain wish no other home than this. Having known war, we hope for peace. Having been divided, we wish unity. Having been ruled, we seek freedom.

Micronesia began in the days when man explored seas in rafts and canoes. The Micronesian nation is born in an age when men voyage among sears, our world itself is an island. We extend to all nations what we seek from each peace, friendship, cooperation, and love in our common humanity. With this Constitution we, who have been the wards of other nations, become the proud guardian of our own islands, now and forever.

The adoption of the FSM Constitution in 1976 virtually established the four (4) autonomous states of the Federation and had further mandated the creation of the national government for which to serve as the steward of the nation's interests as shall be culminated by the political, economic and social pursuits of the states therein. The states, namely Chuuk, Pohnpei, Yap and Kosrae, were further required by the Constitution to create their own constitutional charter, establishing their autonomous state governments within the confines of the FSM Constitutional laws. Each of the state created their own constitution, establishing their governmental structures, policies and regulations, as well as procedures and penalties. Each state's constitution slightly differ from the others, but they all shared the basic fundamentals of states democratic governments.

In furtherhance of the different languages spoken in the FSM, the Constitution recognizes English as the national language for which to allow for better communication among the states and their residents. The main languages, beside English, spoken in the FSM are as follows: Yapese, Ulithian, Woleians, Chuukese, Pohnpeian, Polynesians and Kosraean. The different dialects are: Yapese, Ulithian, Woleians, Carolinians, Chuukese, Mortlockese, Pohnpeians, Mwoakillese, Pinglapese, Ngatikese, Nukuoroan, Kapingese & Kosraeans.

According to the FSM Human Resource Development Study (aka HRD Studies), FSM is a nation with a relatively young population whereby over fifty percent (50%) are at age zero -to- 25 years of age. Over thirty percent (30%) of the population are still attending grade and secondary schools. About 42,124* or forty-two percent (42%) constitute the eligible ages (20-60 yrs.) for the labor market, however only thirty-two percent (13,720)** were actively employed by both the public and private sectors 1994. This translates into roughly over thirteen percent (13%) of the total population formed the labor sector. This figure may be significantly inflated from the conservative eleven percent (11%) estimated by eliminating two percent (2%) of the labor force believed to be of underages (age 12-18 years old). Unemployment rate in the FSM is well over thirteen percent (13%)***

*/ 1994 FSM Population Census, **/ FSM HRD Studies, ***/ FSM HRD Studies

FSM Department of Education