The initial FSM stands for the Federated States of Micronesia which consequently derived from the former TTPI, stands for the Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands. Right after the WWII, most of the islands in the Micronesian Archipelago, with the exception of Guam, were colonized under the mandates of the Trusteeship Agreement, giving the United States administrative jurisdiction over the entity to oversee the development of the islands in order to become self-sufficient.
In the 70's, during which the leaders of the TTPI negotiated separate political status with the United States, the Trust Territories broke up into several republics - the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas (which chose to become a U.S. commonwealth); the Republic of Palau; the Republic of the Marshall Islands; and, the remaining island groups of Chuuk (formerly Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap and Kosrae (Kusaie) formed the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The FSM established its constitutional entity in 1976 through the FSM Constitution and had formally came into existence in 1979 at which time the national government was officially opened in Pohnpei State, the new capital state of the FSM.
Through U.S. PL 99-239 (endorsing the Compact of Free Association), the freely associated states (FAS) of the Marshall Islands and Micronesia were recognized as independent states, however, reserving exclusive military defenses with the U. S. armed forces. Essentially, the enactment of PL 99-239 had removed the former Trust Territories mandates, and establishing a rather unique political relationships with the United States whereby all domestic and international affairs are handled within the jurisdictions of each republic with substantial U.S. foreign assistances to support the infra and intra-structures of the island republics.
The federation is comprised of the four (4) named and autonomous states, namely Chuuk, Pohnpei, Yap and Kosrae, and a national government consists of the executive branch, headed by a president; the Legislative by a speaker and a chief justice heads the judiciary branch. The legislative branch which formed the FSM Congress is headed by a Speaker and a Vice-Speaker and two houses: the senate (four at-large members) and the representatives (10 members). The judiciary system, headed by a Chief Justice, is comprised of the Appellate Court and the Criminal Court. The executive branch is currently made up of the departments of Transportation and Communication, Resources & Development, External Affairs, Finance, Health & Human Services and finally Education.
The Office of the President is supported by the Offices of the Attorney General, Public Information Office, Budget, Administrative Services, and, the National Public Defender. All the department and office heads formed the presidential cabinet members.
Since the inception of the FSM National Government in 1979, the Division of Education was established within the Department of Social Services. In 1986, the Department of Social Services was converted into the Department of Human Resources under the auspices of the third president of the FSM, His Excellency John R. Haglelgam, from Yap. Education remained a division until 1992 at which time the FSM Congress approved PL 7-97, creating the Department of Education during the tenure of the 4th President, His Excellency Bailey Olter of Pohnpei.
The mandates of PL 7-97 created the Department with the Office of the Secretary, Support Staff and four (4) main divisions: Curriculum, Standards, Testing & Evaluation, Postsecondary & Scholarship, Vocational Education' Manpower Development & Training, and, finally Federal' Community & Foreign Assistances Program.
|1. Catalino Cantero, Ph. D.||Secretary of Education|
|2. John Johnny||Administrative Officer|
|3. Roselyn Aron||Executive Secretary|
|4. Yosiro Suta||Administrator, Federal, Community, Foreign Assistances|
|5. Makir Keller||Executive Director, Special Education|
|6. Jimmy Hicks||Executive Director, Developmental Disabilities Program|
|7. Wehns Billen*||Adult Eduction Specialist|
|8. Rita Kusto||Administrative Assistant|
|9. Matha Raiel||Executive Secretary|
|10. Weldis Welley||Administrator, Curriculum, Standards, Test & Evaluation|
|11. Burnis Danis||Testing & Evaluation Specialist|
|12. Aier Eillyander||Administrator, Postsecondary Education & Scholarships||13. Yasko Mendiolla||Student Services Coordinator|
|14. Oliver Joseph||Administrator, Vocational Educ., Manpower Dev., & Trng.|
Each division is shaded gray.
* Billen is responsible for the Adult and Literacy Program in FSM.