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Types of Organizations

The Structural Organization:
John likes his job. He punches in at 8:30, enters data into his computer, punches out at 5:00 and goes home. He just does his job. He doesn't have to think about anything else. As long as he does a good job, his boss is happy. As long as he gets paid, he is happy.

At John's job, formal roles and relationships are important. Management sets the goals and standards for the workers. Workers are rewarded for a job well done and penalized for poor behavior. Workers are motivated by money.When there is conflict the management usually gets involved in resolving it. If someone doesn't want to do the job s/he will be replaced. The management makes all of the important decisions.

Does this remind you of anyplace you've worked? If so, where did you work and how was it similar?






The Political Organization:
Gerald works for a newspaper. He believes certain kinds of news stories should be published more often than others. He works closely with a group of people who think the way he does. Before big meetings his small group gets together and strategizes how to get others to agree with their point of view.

At Gerald's job, people usually divide themselves into special interest groups. These groups negotiate for power. Change occurs when one group is able to convince the other groups to see things their way. Workers in this kind of organization need to strategize and negotiate for what they want. One of the ways workers are motivated is by having the opportunity to have their personal dreams and goals realized.

Does this remind you of anyplace you've worked? If so, where did you work and how was it similar?






The Human Resource Organization:
Jolene is able to talk openly with her boss about what she likes and doesn't like about her job. Her boss listens and tries to make Jolene happy. When big changes are being made at the company, Jolene always has an opportunity to give her input.

In the human resource organizations, people are the organization's most valuable resource. The management strives to make the employees happy by helping them grow in their jobs and improve themselves. Everyone is welcome to communicate their feelings and to take part in decision making. Management strives to find a match between a worker's skills and his/her job. Employees are motivated by having opportunities for personal growth.

Does this remind you of anyplace you've worked? If so, where did you work and how was it similar?






The Symbolic Organization:
Lakeeta is proud to work for the XYZ towel company. Her company is well-known and has a good reputation. She knows her place in the company and how she should act. She enjoys learning about her company's history. When she has problems, she looks to the past to see how the people before her solved similar problems.

This organization is held together by past traditions, symbols, and reputation. A person's position dictates the way they act. There are specific ways of doing things that are rarely questioned. Employees are motivated through symbols such as: company plaques, awards, trips, and T-shirts.

Does this remind you of anyplace you've worked? If so, where did you work and how was it similar?






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