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Kagan, S. & Kagan, M. Kagan Cooperative Learning. San Clemente, CA: Kagan Publishing, 2009
Some social skills are acquired
through group activities, but there is no guarantee that the interactions
will be positive and foster participation of all students. Social skills
are learned and should be taught as part of the ongoing classroom learning.
One aspect of working in groups is learning how to take responsibility
in the group and how to deal positively with one's classmates as part
of the group process. Assigning roles to each member of the group with
suggested phrases (gambits)
for that role helps the socializing process.
Keeps the group on task, keeps the group aware of progress related
to time, attempts to make sure that each individual contributes.
we finished problem 2"?
"We've finished most
of the problems and we have 5 more minutes."
"I think the climate
in Brazil ...."
(talking about the task
to try to bring the group
Checks that everyone
agrees before a group decision
is made; checks that everyone understands
when the goal is mastery of a concept
we all agree on that?"
"What do we need to do to make sure everyone
understands how to..."
Makes sure that
the contributions of each member
and the team as a whole are appreciated.
Encourages others to share ideas.
all give Pete a pat on the back."
really moving along."
in this group is great."
team answers once they all agree; may be the team spokesperson in
reporting to the class.
make sure I record that right."
it be OK if I shared..."
Makes sure each person participates and that no one individual dominates.
do you think, John?"
do you agree?"
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