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Theories, Techniques,
and Approaches

Busy Teacher's Guide to EFF Lesson Planning
This teacher's guide helps you to understand the EFF Content Standards and EFF Terminology, and to design an EFF lesson.

ESL Miniconference Course
This 14-week course schedule is provided as a service to any ESL professional or teacher-trainer who is looking for a way to organize the content found on our ESL MiniConference site. A short list of related articles is included for each section of the course. (added 10/10/03)

Learning Disabilities and ESL
How do learning disabilities affect an English language learner? What are the problems in identifying LD in an ESL/ESOL learner? How can adult education programs support these learners? In this paper Robin Schwarz addresses the crossover areas of learning disabilities (LD) and ESL / ESOL.

Lights, camera, active learning!  Enhancing ESL instruction through video projects
A one-page essay about the process of using video cameras to enhance ESL learning.

Literacy Across Cultures
Literacy Across Cultures is an annual publication dedicated to issues regarding the learning and teaching of reading and writing in a foreign or second language

Massachusetts State Curriculum Frameworks
This site contains the curriculum frameworks for the Massachusetts State Department of Education.

Multi-Level Classes
This Web site reproduces an issue of Connections: A Journal of Adult Literacy (Vol. VII, Summer 1997) that addresses the challenges of working with multi-level adult education classes. Articles (in PDF format) discuss topics such as reading strategies for multilevel adult ESL learners; suggestions of cooperative learning activities and grouping strategies; ideas from multilevel family literacy classes; and literacy activities for English language learners in multilevel classes. While Connections, produced by the Adult Literacy Resource Institute (ALRI) in Boston, Massachusetts, covers adult basic education in general, this issue has a majority of articles dealing with adult ESL settings. (NCLE)

NCLE ERIC digests
A listing of digests available on-line from the National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education (NCLE).

PBS ESL/CivicsLink
ESL/CivicsLink is a web-based professional development system for ESL teachers and programs. Through self-directed, interactive, online learning, ESL teachers can increase their ability to integrate ESL instruction with civics education. (added 10/10/03)

Principles and Opportunities for Project-Based Learning
This site illustrates 12 principles of adult learning with examples of Web pages that illustrate these opportunities.

Reflective teaching practices in adult ESL settings
This digest discusses reflective practice as a staff development approach and considers its implications for adult ESL teachers.

Research in action: Teachers, projects, and technology
An essay by Heide Spruck Wrigley on the role of research in contemporary adult ESL education.  A good overview of the issues facing instructors in 2004.

Story Arts
This site is dedicated to the advancement of storytelling as an art and as a classroom technique. You can download lesson plans and activities

Teaching from a Hispanic Perspective:
A Handbook for Non-Hispanic Adult Educators
Written by two immigrants, this handbook provides an overview of some of the differences between Anglo and Hispanic culture from both broad and deep perspectives. It also includes an excellent section of exercises that teachers can do to deepen their understanding of Hispanic culture and to use in the classroom.

Verizon Literacy CampusNew
Verizon Literacy Campus offer free, online courses for volunteers and administrators in literacy/ESL programs. Courses include: Principles of Adult Learning; Working with English Language Learners; Culture and English Language Learners; and Citizenship: Teaching U.S. Civics for the Exam. (Note: some courses are oriented toward adult education, while others are for K-12 and family literacy)

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