English as a Second Language Special Collection
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Curriculum and Instruction
Journals and Research

Curriculum and Instruction


Email Projects
Projects are either initiated by classes or individual teachers. The word "Email Projects" was developed in 1994 before the popularity of the world wide web. At that time (1994), most of the projects were conducted via e-mail. With the advent of the World Wide Web, most of the projects are now "web projects".

New Citizen's Vote! Curriculum
This site links to a four-hour voter education curriculum (available in English and Spanish) called "New Citizens Vote!: An Educational Curriculum About Voting." The goal of the curriculum is to increase the skills and self-confidence of participants regarding voting and other local decision-making processes. The curriculum emphasizes local issues and opportunities for civic participation.

Census 2000 Educational Materials
This site features educational materials that were developed for ESL and Citizenship teachers to help them inform their students about the census.

California Distance Learning Project
The California Distance Learning Project focuses on using communication through computers as a vehicle for student and teacher interaction. For many years, most distance education has focused on one- or two-way communications through video and television. Emerging technologies have opened up other avenues for distance learning delivery. The project goal is to increase access to adult basic learning services by laying the groundwork for a distance learning infrastructure.

Homebuying Readiness
This site documents a three-year project, supported by the FannieMae Foundation, to support the teaching of first-time homebuying readiness to immigrants (and other adult education students). It includes lesson plans, teacher reflections, student writings, and related resources. Some of the topics addressed include: information about loans and subsidy programs for low income buyers, the issues and responsibilities embedded within tenant/landlord relations, the pros and cons of home ownership, how to document a non-traditional credit history, and the various resources and supports available from government housing programs.

"Teacher, You Got it All Wrong," a poem by Christina Chang, Taiwan
This poem, found on the website of the Non-Native English Speakers in TESOL (NNEST) Caucus, is about what’s lost when the purpose of our teaching is social acceptance and success rather than the expression of who we are and what we think. The NNEST Caucus aims to create a nondiscriminatory professional environment for all TESOL members regardless of native language and origin, and to research and promote the leadership of nonnative speaker members in TESOL and affiliate organizations.

Arts and Letters Daily
This website can be a starting place for current events lesson planning. It provides a daily summary of world-wide news, articles, columns, taken from all kinds of publications on topics like: arts, literature, history, music, scientific discoveries, etc. In addition, there are long lists of hot links to major world-wide newspapers, news services, journals and magazines, book review sources, radio stations, e-zines and more.

Story Arts
This site is dedicated to the advancement of storytelling as an art and as a classroom technique. You can download lesson plans and activities that revolve around storytelling, or you can find and print stories for your classroom in the Story Library.

Stereotypes and Discrimination Activity Websites
This page of stereotype and discrimination activities and articles is a link off "The English Teacher's Assistant" website. The site includes topical resources for teachers and tutors, with an emphasis on practical classroom-ready materials.

The Project Based Learning Place
This page highlights resources, projects and techniques for integrating project based learning in an ESL class. It includes a downloadable PowerPoint presentation on project-based learning.

Seattle Times Civil Rights Photo Gallery
This is a web site devoted to the civil rights movement and the life of Martin Luther King, Jr. Instructors will find the photo gallery very useful for teaching ESL students about the civil rights movement.

The Study Place
The Study Place is a Web-based authoring tool that offers adult educators a way to create and deliver online learning activities to their adult learners The Study Place offers forms to create lessons and quizzes, an archive of teacher-created lessons, and a resources guide that includes state and national competencies. Instructors can register their classes to take online lessons and quizzes.

Discovery Channel’s Quiz Center
The Quiz Center allows instructors to create, edit, and manage quizzes, without any necessary web publishing experience.

The Change Agent
The Change Agent is a newspaper with articles on news, issues, ideas, and teaching resources that help educators and learners to make civic participation and social justice related concerns part of their teaching and learning. This web-based supplement to the journal utilizes the interactivity of the Internet to provide additional teaching activities for the classrooms.

The Change Agent–Immigration Issue
The Change Agent is a newspaper with articles on news, issues, ideas, and teaching resources that help educators and learners to make civic participation and social justice related concerns part of their teaching and learning. This issue of The Change Agent focuses on immigration, with articles and classroom activities that explore the history of immigration, the pros and cons of becoming a citizen, language issues, immigrants in the labor force, and other issues. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader, free and downloadable via the Web Tools button.

Web Power: Enhancing classroom lessons with the Internet
This website illustrates lessons on using the Internet both as a classroom resource from home and in the classroom as a classroom tool. The resources include a downloadable handout on using the Web in the classroom. (Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader, free and downloadable via the Web Tools button.)

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Journals and Research


The Working Conditions of Adult Literacy Teachers
This article describes the environmental factors that seem to influence teachers’ abilities to do their jobs well. Factors include the physical facilities where teachers work, the amount of time and support they have to do their jobs, and the training or development opportunities they have. The report describes the researchers’ preliminary findings, based on questionnaires completed by more than 95 teachers, as well as in-depth interviews with 18 teachers and their program directors.

Theory and Practice of Computer-Based Language Testing
This special edition of "Language Learning and Technology Magazine" features articles, essays, and studies about the use of computer technologyin testing in ESL and EFL classrooms.

Benefits and challenges in using computers and the Internet with adult English learners
This article describes many of the ways in which computers and the Internet are being used in adult English classrooms.

NCLE ERIC digests
A listing of digests available on-line from the National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education (NCLE). Topics include: ESL methods and approaches; Assessment and evaluation; technology in adult ESL; background and policy issues; and workplace and vocational ESL.

Changing global economy and the future of English teaching
This article describes current socioeconomic factors and their influence on English language teaching.

Relationship between reading and speaking skills
Ann Hilferty, Assistant Professor of English at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, has been exploring the research literature on the relationship between the development of reading and speaking skills, especially with adult ESOL learners. While she assumes that oral mastery, when it exists, influences reading, she finds that much recent research reveals the influence of reading on speaking. There also seems to be reciprocity between them, which may have implications for ESOL instruction.

Changes Project
From 1997 - 1999, more than 30 adult learners (ESOL, beginning literacy, ABE, GED, and transition to college) from five Adult Basic Education programs in western Massachusetts conducted a participatory action research project focused on the impact of welfare reform, immigration reform and the changing nature of work on 620 of their fellow adult learners. The work of the Changes Project paints a picture of the impact of these three issues on the lives of adult learners at these five programs.

Literacy Across Cultures
Literacy Across Cultures is an annual publication dedicated to issues regarding the learning and teaching of reading and writing in a foreign or second language. It is published in print, on-line, and e-mail versions in association with the Foreign Language Literacy Special Interest Group (FLL SIG) of The Japan Association for Language Teaching (JALT) .

Annotated Bibliography of Research on Reading and Adults Learning English as a Second Language
A bibliography and webliography of research on reading and adults learning English as a second language by NCLE.

Practitioner Research Reports
This site houses the practitioner research reports for the Virginia Adult Education Research Network. In each of two years, about a dozen practitioners researched questions about their own practice, guided by an inquiry process. Most ESL-focused reports on this site can be identified by their titles; the Arlington Education and Employment Program is an ESL site. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader, free and downloadable via the Web Tools button, to read the reports.

Learning From Practice
This is the ESL collection of the Pennsylvania Bureau of Adult Basic and Literacy Education’s (ABLE) Learning from Practice Project. This project provides professional development opportunities for practitioners interested in improving teaching and learning by participating in action research and practitioner inquiry. Annotations describe the focus of each teacher’s research.

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Directory of Online ESL Resources
The National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education (NCBE) and the ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics (ERIC/CLL) have created this directory of online ESL resources that are appropriate for all ages — preK through adult. The directory is designed primarily for use by teachers and students.

NCLE Resource Collections: Learning Disabilities and Adult ESL
This resource collection both provides background materials about learning disabilities from K-12 and adult education and gathers the few resources that
directly address adult ESL concerns. While this is not a definitive list of LD materials, it is representative of what is readily available online and in print.

Literacy Online
This is the thematic directory for the research collection of literacy.org. From here, you can link to a "Language, Bilingualism, and ESL" collection. The site, sponsored by the International Literacy Institute and the National Center on Adult Literacy, gives information on literacy-related publications, projects, and websites.

ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education
The ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education (ERIC/ACVE) is located at the Center on Education and Training for Employment (CETE), The Ohio State University. ERIC/ACVE provides comprehensive information services in these areas:

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ESL Starter Kit
The ESL Starter Kit helps new teachers and tutors with most aspects of the ESL teaching experience. The six sections of the Kit include Assessment, Lesson Planning, Classroom Management, and Accessing Resources.

Tools for Teachers: Internet Evaluation Web Quest
This article by Kathleen P. King, EdD, Fordham University Graduate School of Education discusses internet evaluation and provides a detailed outline of a lesson plan for teachers or tutors to teach adult learners to analyze and evaluate the "inundation" of information on the Internet. Some of the elements of the lesson plan include: Objectives, Action Plan, Webquest Worksheet Questions and Sites (includes hot links to sites that students can visit to evaluate on their own), Webquest Class Discussion Questions, Website Assessment Questions.

This link, at the Adult Literacy Resource Institute in Boston, brings you to an "electronic town square," where you'll find storefront entrances to a civic center, a health center, an early childhood center, a job center, and a library, among others. Each center gives you access to lessons, teacher reflections, and information related to the topic.

The Internet ESL Journal
This is a monthly web-based journal of articles, research papers, lesson plans, classroom handouts, teaching techniques and ideas, and links for the ESL/EFL classroom teacher. It contains search capability both for this website (for contents of previous monthly publications since 1995 as well as for lesson plans and classroom handouts) and for general ESL/EFL web links.

Activities for Integrating Civics in Adult English Language Learning
The suggestions for activities listed below come from years of practice in adult ESL where teachers were successfully able to integrate language and civics content. To assist practitioners to develop activities that will serve their classroom needs, NCLE is putting together a collection of activities for integrating English and civics.

NCLE Resource Collections: Assessment and Evaluation in Adult ESL
This resource collection provides materials about testing issues, standardized tests currently in use by adult education programs, and standards initiatives. Although most of the resources focus on assessment and evaluation in the United States, relevant documents from Canada, Australia, and Europe are also included. While this is not a definitive list of assessment and evaluation materials, it is representative of what is readily available online and in print.

Frontier College: A Toolbox for ESL Tutors
This book is designed for tutors or teachers of English as a Second Language. It provides lesson plans based on thematic units. The Toolbox activities provide tutors/teacher with ideas for lessons that can be adapted and or expanded depending on the student’s interest, goals and prior knowledge. The activities refer to a on one-to-one learning context but can be easily adapted to a group situation. Frontier College is a Canadian educational Institution whose goal is providing non-traditional educational alternatives to the urban and rural communities."

NCSALL Research Reports
The goal of NCSALL's research is to improve practice in programs that provide ABE, ESL, and ASE services. NCSALL has undertaken the ten research projects listed on this page. Each project has several studies that build on the same theme.

Plot thickens: Beginning level English language learners as strategists
This essay details one teacher’s efforts to identify and incorporate low level ESL students’ learning strategies into her teaching. The teacher identifies some areas for further research in how language learning strategies are developed, supported, and used by adult ESL learners. The essay is a good introduction to the area of learning strategies.

This site is a voice mail board and very easy voice email interface. It can be helpful for students who are practicing their listening and speaking skills. Language learning with this site requires a microphone and speakers for your computer. The language teaching can be asynchronous, meaning that the teacher and learning do not need to be on the computer at the same time.

Research Agenda for Adult ESL
This paper, prepared by the National Center for ESL and Literacy Education in collaboration with the National Center for the Study of Adult Learning and Literacy with support from TESOL, outlines a research agenda for the field of adult ESOL. The paper has three major purposes: to provide funders with clear priorities for funding; to provide researchers with support for proposing specific projects, and to provide a focus for discussion about how to improve adult ESOL programs.

OTAN For Teachers Area
This site is open to teachers who register for free with Outreach & Technical Assistance Network. It contains lesson plans, monthly Internet in the Classroom updates, and teacher-related news for adult education teachers.

Learning Resources: CNN/SF
The CNN San Francisco bureau and the Western/Pacific Literacy Network (Western/Pacific LINCS) have partnered to develop an online adult literacy site for learners and instructors. The Learning Resources site offers web-delivered instruction using current and past CNN San Francisco bureau news stories. Each story module includes the full text of each story and interactive activities to test comprehension. The learner can choose to read the text, listen to the text, or view the broadcast through streaming video.

Education World's ESL Center
This site includes a searchable Tool Box of resources as well as links to lesson plans and learning sites. Many of the lesson plans were designed for use with children, and need slight adaptation for use with adult learners.

This site contains free online English lessons and ESL resources. The site includes an online newsletter, grammar review, bookstore and 15 English-foreign language dictionaries (including Spanish, Japanese, Chinese and Arabic).

Valuing Our Differences: Celebrating Holidays: If you concentrate on holidays in the United States that may relate to your students, The University of Kansas has a Web site, Valuing our Differences: Celebrating Diversity, which concentrates on Ethnic, National, Religious, and Other Holidays in the United States.

A Picture is Worth A 1,000 Words

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ESL Special Collection
Text-Only Version
Table of Contents

National Institute for Literacy (NIFL) Links:
- Special Collections - Discussions - My LINCS - Hot Sites
National LINCS - About LINCS - NIFL Home Page
Western/Pacific LINCS - Eastern LINCS - Midwest LINCS - Southern LINCS - Northwest LINCS

ESL Table of Contents:

Special Collections


Literacy Resources

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